The old town was formerly a fishing harbour which in 1301 was recorded to have 150 homesteads with 800 inhabitants. A mediaeval wooden lighthouse, known locally as a foïer, was built on a dune and lit by charcoal and faggots but this burned down several times. On one occasion at least it was as a result of the continuous conflict between the English and the French in the Hundred Years War. The chronicler Enguerrand de Monstrelet mentions that during 1414 the English garrison in Calais raided south and burned the town.[7] Eventually the lighthouse was replaced by a stone tower at the side of which a chapel was built in the 15th century, but this did not save it from further mishap. During the second siege of Montreuil in 1544, the English advanced from the south and burned 200 houses, the church and the mill as they passed through Berck. What was left of the place was then burned by the French on their way to relieve the siege.[8]


There exists a debate about the influence behind his work. Some critics claim Banksy was influenced by musician and graffiti artist 3D. Another source credits the artist's work to resemble that of French graffiti artist called Blek le Rat. It is said that Banksy was inspired by their use of stencils, later taking this visual style and transforming it through modern political and social pieces.[190]

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Banksy is believed to be Robin Gunningham, born on 28 July 1973 in Yate, 12 miles (19 km) from Bristol.[15][16][11] Several of Gunningham's associates and former schoolmates at the public Bristol Cathedral School have corroborated this rumour, and in 2016, a study found that the incidence of Banksy's works correlated with the known movements of Gunningham.[17][18][19][20] Lawyers representing Banksy commented on this study, but did not suggest that the paper's conclusions were flawed.[21]
Contrairement à un tirage photo classique qui, exposé en pleine lumière, jaunira après quelques années, un tirage d'art a une longévité exceptionnelle d'environ 100 ans. Ces tests de longévité sont opérés par des instituts spécialisés indépendants comme le Wilhelm Research Institute sur la combinaison des encres pigmentaires et des papiers d'art sélectionnés par Artdeqo.

A partir de l'imitation du procédé indien, la technique a évolué vers une mécanisation permettant une production plus massive. Durant les dix premières années (1760-1770), l'impression à la planche de bois fut la seule technique utilisée, permettant des impressions polychromes. la toile provenant de France , de Suisse, des Indes était d'abord lavée dans l'eau de La Bièvre, puis battue au fléau pour la débarrasser de son apprêt ; plus tard des batteries mécaniques remplaceront ces manipulations. Une fois séchée elle passait à la calandre pour en aplanir le grain. Au préalable, les motifs avaient été gravés en relief sur les planches de bois. Ce n'étaient pas les couleurs elles-mêmes que l'on imprimait mais des mordants -sels de fer et d'alumine- qui, appliqués sur la toile, permettaient l'obtention des couleurs désirées.
Among the structures photographed prior to the opening were a large pinwheel by Banksy,[10] Horse Scaffolding Sculpture by Ben Long,[11] and a twisted truck sculpture, Big Rig Jig by artist Mike Ross which was previously shown at Burning Man in 2007.[12][13][14] Works by 58 artists, including Jenny Holzer, Damien Hirst, Jeff Gillette, Jimmy Cauty and Bill Barminski were featured in the park.[4] Banksy said he contacted the "best artists I could imagine" to exhibit, with two artists turning him down.[15]
Among the structures photographed prior to the opening were a large pinwheel by Banksy,[10] Horse Scaffolding Sculpture by Ben Long,[11] and a twisted truck sculpture, Big Rig Jig by artist Mike Ross which was previously shown at Burning Man in 2007.[12][13][14] Works by 58 artists, including Jenny Holzer, Damien Hirst, Jeff Gillette, Jimmy Cauty and Bill Barminski were featured in the park.[4] Banksy said he contacted the "best artists I could imagine" to exhibit, with two artists turning him down.[15]
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